M. Bird: “… it seems that the gospel was the normifying norm within the early Christian communities and the gospel was standard by which truth and conduct were measured (e.g. Gal. 2.11-14; 1 Cor. 15.11; Phil. 1.27). The gospel connects the Christian proclamation to the history of Israel. Paul declares in 1 Cor. 15.3 that Christ was handed over and raised ‘according to the Scriptures’. The Old Testament Scriptures provided the ‘script’ that Jesus followed in his ministry but they also constitute, to use C.H. Dodd’s term ‘the narrative substructure of Christian theology’.